GAUHAR JAN

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GAUHAR JAN

DISCOGRAPHY
by Michael Kinnear

 

Gauhar Jan, Seated Center with Nauch Girls, c.1800's

Gauhar Jan, Seated Center, with Nauch Girls, c.1800’s
Courtesy: Columbia University in the City of New York

 

Gramophone Concert Record, Miss Gauhar Jan, GC-13856

78 rpm shellac record of Miss Gauhar Jan produced from ‘The Second Far Eastern Recording Tour’ of The Gramophone Co. Ltd.,1904 -1905, Led by William Sinkler Darby and assisted by Max Hampe (Michael Kinnear Collection)

The 10-inch ‘h’ suffix Series
Gramophone Concert Record,  Matrix 2588h, Catalogue No. GC-13856        
GAUHAR JAN, Aan Baan Jiya Mein Lago – GARA (THUMRI) [HINDUSTANI]


‘Miss Gauhar Jan (born Angelina Yeoward; 26 June 1873 – 17 January 1930) was an Indian singer and dancer from Kolkata. She was one of the first performers to record music on 78 rpm records in India, which was later released by The Gramophone Company Ltd., of India. Having recorded more than 600 songs in more than ten languages between 1902 and 1920, Gauhar Jan is credited with popularizing Hindustani classical music such as thumri, dadra, kajri, and tarana during the period.’ (Wikipedia)

‘Perhaps the best selling ‘gramophone celebrity’ of the time, Miss Gauhar Jan of Calcutta, declined to be contracted to any recording company and provided her recordings to the various sound recording concerns on a strictly ‘cash’ basis – without any consideration for ‘royalties’ on sales, this is despite the fact that some of her recordings may well have sold in very considerable quantities.’

 

Gramophone Concert Record, Gauhar Jan, GC-13842

The 10-inch ‘h’ suffix Series
Gramophone Concert Record, Matrix 2585h, Catalogue No: GC-13842       
GAUHAR JAN, Nahak Laye Gawanwa Mora – BHAIROBI THUMRI [HINDUSTANI]
(Michael Kinnear Collection)



The Opening of The Gramophone Co. Ltd.’s factory at Sealdah, Calcutta
on  18th December, 1908

“On 18th December 1908, the new Sealdah, Calcutta factory of The Gramophone Company Limited was officially opened with an ‘At Home’ celebration to which a large and distinguished number of guests were invited.  For the occasion, Frederick William Gaisberg and other senior managers of the London office were in attendance.  Fred Gaisberg must have been quite pleased to see what had developed since his first recording tour of 1902, and to the extent to which the company had grown in India.

A highlight of the ‘At Home’ celebrations to open the Sealdah factory, or “Baja-Khana” as the locals had come to refer to the new building, was a recital by Miss Gauhar Jan, the company’s foremost recording celebrity, who was amongst the first to have had disc recordings taken in India.

The opening of the Sealdah factory of The Gramophone Company, Ltd., in India, was also a milestone in the history of the company, and followed the opening of the company’s factory in Britain by a few months.  In 1906 the company had purchased a fifty-acre site at Hayes, Middlesex, for which Nellie Melba had laid the foundation stone in May 1907.  The first discs came off the presses in June 1908, and by August the 28 presses were manufacturing nearly 30,000 disc records per month.”

Below are some rare and previously unpublished photos of the Gauhar Jan taken at the recital of the opening of The Gramophone Co. Ltd.’s factory at Sealdah, on  18th December, 1908.

Gauhar Jan, Recital, Sealdah, 18-12-1908Gauhar Jan with her accompanying musicians standing by to participate in the recital  

Gauhar Jan, Recital, Sealdah, 18-12-1908

Gauhar Jan preparing for the performance

The Gramophone Co. Ltd., Factory, Sealdah, 18-12-1908

Guests for the occasion gathered around the stage to hear Gauhar Jan sing.

The Gramophone Co. Ltd., Factory, Sealdah, 18-12-1908

Frederick William Gaisberg and other senior managers of the London office were in attendance.

The Gramophone Co. Ltd., Factory, Sealdah, 18-12-1908


Opening of The Gramophone Co. Ltd., Factory, Sealdah, 18th December, 1908
Above photos from: Michael Kinnear Collection

Miss Gauhar Jan, Calcutta, Catalogue

 

Gauhar Jan, c.1913 by Arthur Cl;ark

Gauhar Jan from: ‘The Music Goes Round’ by Fred Gaisberg, Arno Press, New York, 1977.  Photograph by Arthur Clark, c.1913.  Gauhar Jan with the same musicians at the recital Opening of The Gramophone Co. Ltd.,’s Factory, Sealdah, 18-12-1908


 

The Gramophone & Typewriter Ltd., Bengali Catalogue, 1906
From: The Gramophone Company’s First Indian Recordings, 1899-1907, Page 26 

The Gramophone & Typewriter Ltd., Bengali Catalogue, 1906

The Gramophone & Typewriter Ltd., Bengali Catalogue, 1906

The Gramophone & Typewriter Ltd., Bengali Catalogue, 1906

 


Badi Malka Jan and Gauhar Jan

Badi Malka Jan (Mother) and Gauhar Jan

DISCOGRAPHY

The text for the Gauhar Jan discography compiled by Michael Kinnear has been taken from the original published version in the ‘The Record News’, Volume 9, January 1993

Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 1. by Michael Kinnear Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 2. by Michael Kinnear

Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 3. by Michael Kinnear Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 4. by Michael Kinnear

Gramophone Concert Record, GC-13842, Miss Gauhar Jan Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 5. by Michael Kinnear

Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 6. by Michael Kinnear

Nicole Record, No. 1283, Miss Gauhar Jan

Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 7. by Michael Kinnear Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 8. by Michael Kinnear Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 9. by Michael Kinnear Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 10. by Michael Kinnear

Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 11. by Michael Kinnear

Royal Record, Miss Gauhar Jan

This is a very rare example of the ROYAL RECORD
Permission by Amar Nath Sharma, Mumbai

Miss Gauhar Jan - Royal Record Advertisement

Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 12. by Michael Kinnear

James-Operaphone-Record, No. 609, Miss Gauhar (Bombay)

Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 13. by Michael KinnearGauhar Jan Discography, Page 14. by Michael KinnearGauhar Jan Discography, Page 15. by Michael KinnearGauhar Jan Discography, Page 15. by Michael Kinnear

Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 16. by Michael KinnearSun Disc Record, No. 26, Miss Gauhar Jan

Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 17. by Michael Kinnear

The Pathephone Co. Advertisement, Miss Gauhar Jan

Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 18. by Michael Kinnear

 

Singer Record, No. 7788, Miss Gauhar Jan

Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 19. by Michael Kinnear

Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 20. by Michael Kinnear Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 21. by Michael KinnearGauhar Jan Discography, Page 22. by Michael Kinnear

His Master's Voice, GC-13856, Gauhar Jan

Gauhar Jan, GC-13856
Aan Baan Jiya Mein Lago- GARA TUMRI [HINDUSTANI]


Gauhar Jan Discography, Page 23. by Michael KinnearGauhar Jan Discography, Page 24. by Michael KinnearGauhar Jan Discography, Page 25. by Michael Kinnear

The 78 rpm Record Labels of India by Michael Kinnear

 


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