Proprietors: Janki Nath Kumar & Bros., Anarkali, Lahore

From:  ‘The Michael Kinnear Collection’

Jien-o-phone Record, Janki Nath Kumar & Bros. - MSK Notebook


The history of  ‘JIEN-O-PHONE RECORD’ taken from:
‘The 78 rpm Record Labels of India’

The 78rpm Record Labels of India, Michael Kinnear

Unpublished –  from the ‘Michael Kinnear Archives’



Prior to the partition of India in 1947 and the creation of Pakistan (East and West), Lahore was a major recording centre for the North-west region, with the earliest recordings being taken there in 1905 by The Gramophone & Typewriter, Ltd. 

Over the next couple of decades regular recording sessions were held at Lahore, providing a large selection of recordings in the Urdu, Punjabi, Multani, Pushto, Sindhi dialects along with Persian and Afghani repertoires, were added to the catalogues of “His Master’s Voice” releases. By the early 1930’s Columbia Graphophone Company, Ltd., had undertaken recording sessions at Lahore and The Gramophone Co., Ltd., had signed up a number of their clients to the ‘Private Recorders’ scheme which considerably enhanced the variety of recordings available of the North-West region. 

Among these ‘Private Recorders’ were Janki Nath Kumar & Bros., of Lahore (“Jien-o-phone Record”); The Frontier Trading Co., of Peshawar (“Banga-phone Record”); Bajaj & Co., of Peshawar (“Gulshan”) the West End Phono, of Lahore (“New Excelsior Record”) and a couple of smaller traders.

In 1942, The Gramophone Co., Ltd., acquired a record factory at Chehharta, near Amritsar, which supplemented the supply of discs from the Dum Dum factory intended for the North-west region. By 1947, the Chehharta factory had been abandoned, and shortly afterwards The Gramophone Co., Ltd., had acquired the rights to the recordings of the “Jien-o-phone Record”, “Banga-phone Record”, and “Gulshan” labels, the bulk of which they reissued on the “His Master’s Voice” label.

Jien-o-phone Records, JP. 515 - RAJKUMAR DRAMATIC CLUB {Satyaran Savitri}  [URDU]

JP-501  Series:     Jien-o-phone Record  Red   [10-inch]      December 1933
JP-515  RAJKUMAR DRAMATIC CLUB {Satyaran Savitri}  [URDU]

Jien-o-phone Record - The 78rpm Record Labels of India

Jien-o-phone Record - The 78rpm Record Labels of India

Jien-o-phone Record - The 78rpm Record Labels of India




Columbia Records Catalogue - Jien-o-phone RecordsColumbia Records Catalogue - Jien-o-phone Records




**There are several unidentified recording artists included in this discography as the recording registers and published catalogues and supplements, with details of the performers names, had not been kept or have long since been destroyed or lost.  Another “Private Recorders” ledger was used for this period but only detailed the matrix numbers and coupling numbers.  ** 

Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 1

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Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 4Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 5Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 6Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 7Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 8Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 9Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 10Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 11Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 12Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 13Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 14Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 15Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 16

Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 17

‘Jien-o-phone Records’ transferred to ‘Columbia’

With the impending partition of India in 1947, The Gramophone Co., Ltd., decided to purchase the business of Janki Nath Kumar and Bros, in early 1946, via their sister company, Columbia Graphophone Co., Ltd.  The most popular titles from the ‘Jien-o-phone Record’ label were reissued on the ‘Columbia’ label in their GE-5000 series, and the K.L. Saigal recordings in a VE-1501 series, from June 1946 onwards along with some titles that had not been previously issued.


Columbia         GE-5095 to GE-5160     {Green}         Hindustani                     June 1946
Columbia         GE-5182 to GE-5198     {Green}         Hindustani              October 1946
Columbia         GE-5457 to GE-5484     {Green}         Punjabi                 November 1946
Columbia         GE-5485 to GE-5491     {Green}         Multani                 November 1946
Columbia         GE-5503 to GE-5540     {Green}         Punjabi                 November 1946
Columbia         GE-5557 to GE-5571     {Green}          Punjabi                      August 1948
Columbia         GE-18004 to GE-18007  {Green}         Hindustani        December 1949
Columbia         VE-1501 to VE-1503      {Violet}         Hindustani                     June 1946

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Jien-o-phone Record Discography, Page 22



The ‘Jien-o-phone Record’ label scored great success with the recordings of songs from the films ‘Khazanchi’ – ‘Khandhan’ – ‘Zamindar’ and ‘Poonji’ produced by Pancholi Art Pictures, Proprietor: Dalsukh M. Pancholi, Muslim Town, Lahore (established in 1937), between 1942-43, and the film ‘Dassi’ produced by Pardhan Pictures, Ltd. Muslim Town, Lahore in 1944.

KHANDAN’ – 1942, JP-1038, JP-1030, JP-1031, JP-1032, JP-1033
‘ZAMINDAR’ – 1942,  JP-1045, JP-1047
‘KAISE KAHOON’ – 1945, JP-1089, JP-1090, JP-1096, JP1097, JP-1098
‘KHAZANCHI’ – 1942, JP-999, JP-1002, JP-1003, JP-1000, JP-1001
‘VILLAGE GIRL’  1945, JP-1093, JP-1094
‘DHAMKI’ – 1945, (Not on Jien-o-phone)
‘POONJI’ – 1943, JP-1071, JP-1972, JP-1063, JP-1064

Columbia Records Catalogue - Jien-o-phone Records, 1946





Banga-Phone Record BANGA-PHONE RECORD – Discography. The Frontier Trading Company, Peshawar.
In 1932, The Gramophone Co., Ltd., in India introduced a scheme known as ‘Private Recorders’ whereby local talking machine and record traders could have discs produced by the company, on their own labels.   […]


Gulshan Record, QD-506GULSHAN – Discography. Bajaj & Co., (Nowshera) Peshawar.
Prior to the partition of India in 1947 and the creation of Pakistan (East and West), Lahore was a major recording centre for the North-west region, with the earliest recordings being taken there in 1905 by The Gramophone & Typewriter, Ltd. […]



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